International Classification of Goods and Services
Edition № 11
History of the Nice Classification
The prototype for the Nice Classification is the Classification developed in 1935 by the United International Bureau for the Protection of Intellectual Property, ancestral to the World Intellectual Property Organization - WIPO.
WIPO is an international organization, occupied with the issues of legal regulation of intellectual property.
The International Classification of Goods and Services for the Purposes of the Registration of Marks was accepted under the Nice Agreement, concluded on June 15, 1957 by participant states of the Nice Diplomatic Conference and revised in 1967 and 1977.
Participant states of the Agreement within the limits of Paris International Union for the Protection of Industrial Property compose Special Union, applying the International Classification of Goods and Services for the Purposes of the Registration of Marks.
Application of the Nice Classification
National patent offices of the participant states of the Agreement are obliged to apply the Nice Classification in the quality of a basic or supplementary classification and with official publication of data on trademark registration shall indicate class numbers in accordance with the Nice Classification. Classification of marks is obligatory not only for national mark registration but also for international registration which is carried out by the International Bureau of WIPO.
The Applicant (a legal entity or individual entrepreneur) is obliged, when filing an application for registration of a trademark (service trademark) to the national patent office (in the Russian Federation this function is performed by the Federal State Institution, Federal Institute for Industrial Property Russian Agency for Patents and Trademarks (Rospatent), to indicate the class under the Nice Classification and a specific list of goods for which the trademark will be used in the future
Advantages of the Nice Classification
The practical value of the Nice Classification is that it allows identifying (classifying) an item or service for equal perception by all persons. The advantage of the Nice Classification is in the simplified procedure of preparation and execution of applications on registration of a trademark (service trademark). In the same way, in cases of detection of confusingly similar trademarks, the classification shall ensure an improved process of examination execution for such trademarks. International Classification of Goods and Services exists in several languages that simplify the process of execution of an application for registration in any other language.
Periodicity of the Nice Classification Renovation
To make the classification up-to-date it is constantly renovated. In recent years the Nice Classification is revised and published approximately every 5 years. Revision of the Nice Classification is carried out by the Expert Committee with representatives of all state participants of the Nice Agreement.
At the moment 9 editions of the Nice Classification have been accepted and published:
First edition (The Nice Classification 1) — 1963;
Second edition (The Nice Classification 2) — 1971;
Third edition (The Nice Classification 3) — 1981;
Fourth Edition (The Nice Classification 4) — 1983;
Fifth Edition (The Nice Classification 5) — 1987;
Sixth Edition (The Nice Classification 6) — 1992;
Seventh Edition (The Nice Classification 7) — 1996;
Eighth Edition (The Nice Classification 8) — 2001;
The latest current edition of the Nice Classification is the tenth edition (the Nice Classification 11), accepted in 2017 and came into force since January 1, 2017.