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International Classification of Goods and Services

Edition № 11


The Nice Classification


Treatment of materials.


Class 40 includes mainly services not included in other classes, rendered by the mechanical or chemical processing or transformation of objects or inorganic or organic substances. For the purposes of classification, the mark is considered a service mark only in cases where processing or transformation is effected for the account of another person. A mark is considered a trade mark in all cases where the substance or object is marketed by the person who processed or transformed it.

This Class includes:

  • services relating to transformation of an object or substance and any process involving a change in its essential properties (for example, dyeing a garment); consequently, a maintenance service, although usually in Class 37, is included in Class 40 if it entails such a change (for example, the chroming of motor vehicle bumpers);
  • services of material treatment which may be present during the production of any substance or object other than a building; for example, services which involve cutting, shaping, polishing by abrasion or metal coating.

This Class does not include:


Abrasion; Air deodorising / air deodorizing; Air freshening; Air purification; Applying finishes to textiles; Beer brewing for others; Blacksmithing; Boilermaking; Bookbinding; Burnishing by abrasion; Cadmium plating; Chromium plating; Cloth cutting; Cloth dyeing; Cloth edging; Cloth fireproofing / fabric fireproofing / textile fireproofing; Clothing alteration; Cloth pre-shrinking; Colour separation services; Consultancy in the field of wine making; Crease-resistant treatment for clothing; Cryopreservation services; Custom 3D printing for others; Custom assembling of materials for others; Custom fashioning of fur; Custom manufacturing of bread; Custom tailoring; Decontamination of hazardous materials; Destruction of waste and trash; Dressmaking; Dyeing services*; Electroplating; Embroidering; Engraving; Fabric bleaching; Fabric waterproofing / cloth waterproofing; Flour milling; Food and drink preservation; Food smoking; Framing of works of art; Freezing of foods; Fruit crushing; Fulling of cloth; Fur conditioning; Fur dyeing; Fur glossing; Fur mothproofing; Fur satining; Galvanization; Gilding; Glass-blowing; Gold plating; Grinding; Incineration of waste and trash; Key cutting; Knitting machine rental; Laminating; Laser scribing; Leather staining; Leather working; Lithographic printing; Magnetization; Metal casting; Metal plating; Metal tempering; Metal treating; Millworking; Nickel plating; Offset printing; Optical glass grinding; Paper finishing; Paper treating; Pasteurising of food and beverages / pasteurizing of food and beverages; Pattern printing; Permanent-press treatment of fabrics; Photocomposing services; Photographic film development; Photographic printing; Photogravure; Planing of materials; Pottery firing / firing pottery; Printing; Processing of cinematographic films; Processing of oil; Production of energy; Providing information relating to material treatment; Quilting; Recycling of waste and trash; Refining services; Rental of air-conditioning apparatus; Rental of boilers; Rental of generators; Rental of space heating apparatus; Saddlery working; Sandblasting services; Sawing of materials; Services of a dental technician; Shoe staining; Silkscreen printing; Silver plating; Skin dressing; Slaughtering of animals; Soldering; Sorting of waste and recyclable material [transformation]; Stripping finishes; Tanning; Taxidermy; Textile dyeing; Textile mothproofing; Textile treating / cloth treating; Timber felling and processing; Tin plating; Tinting of car windows; Upcycling [waste recycling]; Vulcanization [material treatment]; Warping [looms]; Waste treatment [transformation]; Water treating; Welding services; Window tinting treatment being surface coating; Wine making for others; Woodworking; Wool treating.